The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention granted 16 states with $20 million to combat prescription drug and opioid overdose deaths. The grant is aimed to fight the drug epidemic through a program called “Prescription Drug overdose: Prevention for States.” The money will be used to develop electronic databases to monitor prescription drugs and teach providers proper medication practices.
Heroin overdose rates have risen sharply in recent years. The National Institute on Drug Abuse released figures that show heroin overdose rates increased 5-fold in the years from 2001 to 2013, up to more than 8,000 per year.
Researchers believe a link exists between the rising number of people abusing prescription opioid painkillers and the increase in heroin overdose rates. It’s thought that many people develop a dependence on opioid painkillers first and then turn to heroin as a cheaper, more readily-available alternative when illicitly-gained prescription medication becomes harder to obtain.
If you are addicted to heroin, call drug treatment centers Joliet today at (815) 531-1829.
The onset of the drug’s effects will depend on the method of administration. Heroin injected into the veins is the fastest route of administration, causing the fastest increase in blood concentration.
Smoking the freebase form of heroin turns the drug into vapor that can be inhaled. Smoking heroin is the second-fastest method of administration, followed by using the drug as a suppository and inserting it into the anus or vagina. Snorting the crushed, powdered drug in a similar fashion to cocaine and ingestion are slower methods of administration that make the onset of the drug’s effects slower than other forms of use.
Heroin binds to certain receptors in the brain that cause it to become artificially stimulated. The brain releases a flood of feel-good hormones, or dopamine through the body that cause the rush of euphoria users experience after taking the drugs.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that heroin affects receptors in the brain responsible for reward pathways and perception of pain. As the user feels no pain or discomfort while under the effects of the drug, the brain records the experience as being extremely pleasurable. When the effects of the drug wear off, the user immediately craves a repeat of such a pleasurable experience.
Drug treatment centers Joliet and Chicagoland Region of Narcotics Anonymous meetings (http://www.chicagona.org/) can get you on the path to recovery. Call (815) 531-1829 today.